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Hoplon Pegaso Shield

The hoplon, often referred to as the hoplite shield, was an iconic piece of equipment that played a central role in ancient Greek warfare. The hoplon pegaso, named for its characteristic central grip known as the "pegasos," was particularly renowned for its versatility and effectiveness in battle. These shields were typically made from wood, most commonly oak, due to its durability and availability in the Greek region. The circular shape of the hoplon pegaso, measuring around 80 centimeters (31 inches) in diameter, provided ample coverage for the warrior's body while allowing for agile movement on the battlefield. The hoplon pegaso shield was not only a defensive tool but also a symbol of identity and solidarity among Greek hoplites. Its design featured a distinctive bronze rim, reinforcing the outer edge for added strength and durability. Additionally, some shields were adorned with decorative motifs, often representing symbols of the warrior's city-state or personal insignias. The pegasos grip, positioned at the center of the shield's interior, allowed for a secure grip and facilitated various combat maneuvers, including thrusting with the spear or sword while maintaining a firm defensive stance. The hoplon pegaso remained a staple of Greek warfare from the Archaic period through the Classical era, proving its effectiveness in the phalanx formation, a tightly packed formation of heavily armed infantry soldiers that became the hallmark of Greek military tactics.

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